Genetic identification by DNA analysis (also known as DNA profiling) is one of the important applications and achievements of modern Molecular Biology and Genetics in humans.
The basic principle of the procedure is that the DNA of every human being is equally contributed from both parents (50% inherited from the father and 50% of the mother). The combination of the genetic information passed on from the parents provides to the child a new, unique genetic identity.
In over 20 years and up to 2015, InterGenetics has analyzed 2014 more than 5,000 cases involving confirmation or exclusion of paternity, of which 148 cases were performed following a court order.
Genetic identification is typically performed by comparing specific and highly polymorphic regions/loci of the human genome (Short Tandem Repeats – STRs,). These regions of the DNA contain repeated base sequences, with highly variable number of repeats (alleles) in the population.
The combination of all the analyzed polymorphic STR alleles in an individual is able to confirm or exclude biological (blood) relationships with other individuals.
InterGenetics follows rigorously rules of medical confidentiality and protection of personal data. Therefore, results are never communicated by phone and are delivered personally, upon presenting proper identification. They may also be sent by courier service, if so requested and at your responsibility.
In recent years there is an increasing demand by couples who wish to perform this type of testing. To a large extent, this is due to our present way of life.
Long-term relationships which may sometimes involve a parallel relationship by one or the other partner, an unwanted and unplanned pregnancy or a lack of trust between the couple, all constitute factors that multiply doubts.
The identification of individuals through DNA analysis (DNA Profiling or DNA Fingerprinting) is a relatively new scientific development, which can positively and with a probability of >99.99% identify individuals and the relationships between them by analyzing their DNA.
Since we share the same genetic material with our blood relatives, we can resolve family relationships between people and determine with absolute accuracy, for example, if a man is the biological father of a child.
The test that determines this relationship is the paternity test with DNA analysis, which is nowadays the internationally acceptable and definitive test.
The test is widely recognized both by the international scientific community and legal experts and is regarded as the reference method to resolve disputes on paternity issues or other family relations, such as maternity, identification of possible relatives, such as grandfather-grandmother-grandchild, or uncle-aunt-nephew, etc..
The law in most countries has been updated in order to include provisions concerning regulations for these tests. A fundamental prerequisite is that all the above tests are performed in the safest and most reliable way possible.